• How to understand and decide what shutter speed to sue

    Shutter speed settings

    You need to know how to use shutter speed to your advantage. Once you understand the effects of different shutter speeds you can make more informed choices

  • The lens aperture can have dramatic effect on your photographs

    Aperture settings

    Making the right choice of aperture will affect the look of your final image. Do you want shallow focus or a much greater depth of field ?

  • Your selection of shutter speed and aperture will affect your final image

    Combining shutter & aperture settings

    By combing the knowledge of the 2 settings appropriately you will start to become more creative in your photography.

Shutter speed settings

Setting the shutter speed is fundamentel to photography, getting it right depending on situation can make or break the picture.

Aperture settings

Learn how to use different lens aperture settings to create different looks in your photographs, work in low light and get that shot.

Combining settings

With your knowledge of how shutter speed and aperture effect the final image you can start to be creative decisions when shooting.

Shutter Speed

  • There are many reasons to choose certain shutter speeds, taking control of the camera allows you to freeze motion with a fast speed or to create motion with slower speeds. Generally you should not hand hold our camera at less than 1/60s as you will get a blurred image. This also depends on the length of the lens. As a rule of thumb shoot at shutter speeds that match the length of the lens. For example shoot at 1/60s or more with a 50mm lens and 1/250s with a 200mm lens. With experience you could shoot with slower shutter speeds e.g. 1/15s with a 17mm lens.
  • Choosing your shutter speed
  • Choosing your shutter speed
  • Choosing your aperture
  • Choosing your aperture


  • When it comes to choosing a lens aperture think about what you are trying to achieve. In a landscape shot if you want as much in focus as possible shoot at small apertures f11 or f16. Conversely to blur a background in a portrait shot and depending on your lens you should shoot pictures with apertures like f2.8 or f4. The choice of aperture can dictate the look of an image but may also be driven out of necessity for example a dark scene that requires you to shoot wide open just to be able to get the picture.

Bringing them together

  • Once you understand the effect of shutter speed and aperture settings you can take positive control of your cameras settings. Lets say you want to shoot a flower but it is waving in the breeze, you also want to isolate it by blurring the background. In this case a shutter speed of 1/000s and an aperture of f4 would achieve the desired outcome. There is another factor in taking control of your photography and that is the film speed or ISO. Together these three settings are fundamental to understating photography.
    Take control of the Exposure Triangle
  • Combining shutter speed and aperture for your desired effect



Once you have decided on your lesson, just email me or call me using the details on the contact page. Please state which lesson you want to take. We can then arrange a suitable time and place to meet.



I will confirm your booking once payment has been made by PayPal. I will send details in my return email. Once the fee is transferred you are set to go.



I can come to you for the, or we can arrange a suitable location. I will bring my laptop and appropriate equipment to demonstrate by example.